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Case 1:07-cv-00844-GMS Document 12 Filed 06/03/2008 Page 1 of 14

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE

Plaintiff,

WALL CORPORATION,





BONDDESK GROUP, L.L.C., and
BONDDESK TRADING, L.L.C.,



Defendants.





v.










C.A. No. 07-844 (GMS)

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DEFENDANTS’ OPENING BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF THEIR MOTION FOR

A STAY OF THE PROCEEDING PENDING INTER PARTES REEXAMINATION

MORRIS, NICHOLS, ARSHT & TUNNELL LLP
Mary B. Graham (#2256)
James W. Parrett, Jr. (#4292)
1201 N. Market Street
P.O. Box 1347
Wilmington, DE 19899-1347
(302) 658-9200
[email protected]
[email protected]
Attorneys for BondDesk Group, L.L.C.
and BondDesk Trading, L.L.C.












OF COUNSEL:

Michael A. Jacobs
Rita F. Lin
MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP
425 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2482
(415) 268-7000

June 3, 2008
2351238



Case 1:07-cv-00844-GMS Document 12 Filed 06/03/2008 Page 2 of 14



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES .......................................................................................................... ii

INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................1

RELEVANT BACKGROUND .......................................................................................................2

I.

II.

III.

PLAINTIFF WILL NOT BE UNDULY PREJUDICED BY A
STAY. ......................................................................................................................5

A STAY WILL SIMPLIFY THE ISSUES AND TRIAL OF THE
CASE. ......................................................................................................................6

DISCOVERY HAS NOT COMMENCED AND NO TRIAL
DATE HAS BEEN SET. .........................................................................................8

CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................9



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CASES

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

Page(s)

Abbott Diabetes Care, Inc. v. Dexcom, Inc.,

No. 05-590 GMS, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57469 (D. Del. Aug. 16, 2006) ..........................5, 9

Alloc, Inc. v. Unilin Decor N.V.,

No. 03-253-GMS, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11917 (D. Del. Jul. 11, 2003) ........................ 4-5, 7

Anascape Ltd. v. Microsoft Corp.,

475 F. Supp. 2d 612 (E.D. Tex. 2007).......................................................................................7

ASCII Corp. v. STD Entm’t USA, Inc.,

844 F. Supp. 1378, 30 U.S.P.Q.2d 1709 (N.D. Cal. 1994)........................................................8

Bausch & Lomb, Inc. v. Rexall Sundown, Inc.,

No. 03-CV-6620T, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40385 (W.D.N.Y. May 19, 2008) ........................7

Brown v. Shimano Am. Corp.,

No. CV 88-6565 WJR(Bx), 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9431 U.S.P.Q.2d 1496 (C.D. Cal.
Jan. 29, 1991).............................................................................................................................8

EchoStar Techs. Corp. v. TiVo, Inc.,

No. 5:05-CV-81 (DF), 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48431 (E.D. Tex. July 14, 2006)................. 6-7

Ethicon, Inc. v. Quigg,

849 F.2d 1422, 7 U.S.P.Q.2d 1152, 1155 (Fed. Cir. 1988) .......................................................4

Gioello Enters. Ltd. v. Mattel, Inc.,

No. C.A. 99-375 GMS, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26158 (D. Del. Jan. 29, 2001) ................... 8-9

Gonnocci v. Three M Tool & Mach., Inc.,

No. 02-74796, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24423, 68 U.S.P.Q.2d 1755 n.6 (E.D. Mich.
Oct. 7, 2003) ..............................................................................................................................8

Middleton, Inc. v. Minn. Mining & Mfg. Co.,

No. 4:03-cv-40493, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16812 (S.D. Iowa Aug. 24, 2004) .......................7

Patlex Corp. v. Mossinghoff,

758 F.2d 594, 225 U.S.P.Q. 243 (Fed. Cir. 1985) .....................................................................5

Pegasus Dev. Corp. v. DirecTV, Inc.,

No. 00-1020-GMS, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8052 (D. Del. May 14, 2003)...........................4, 9

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Photoflex Prods., Inc. v. Circa 3 LLC,

No. C 04-03715 JSW, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 37743 (N.D. Cal. May 24, 2006).....................5

Procter & Gamble Co. v. Kraft Foods Global, Inc.,

No. C 07-4413 PJH, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 78465 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 11, 2007) .................... 6-7

Tesco Corp. v. Varco I/P, Inc.,

No. H-05-2118, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 82047 (S.D. Tex. Nov. 9, 2006) ............................ 7-8



STATUTES

35 U.S.C. § 312................................................................................................................................3

35 U.S.C. § 314(b)(2) ......................................................................................................................3

35 U.S.C. § 314(c) ...........................................................................................................................4

35 U.S.C. § 315(b)(1) ......................................................................................................................7

35 U.S.C. § 315(c) ...........................................................................................................................6



OTHER AUTHORITIES

MANUAL OF PATENT EXAMINING PROCEDURES § 2686.04...............................................................4



RULES

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 .............................................................................................2, 8



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Defendants BondDesk Group LLC and BondDesk Trading LLC (collectively,

“BondDesk”) respectfully submit the following opening brief in support of their motion to stay

pending inter partes reexamination of U.S. Patent No. 7,231,363 (the '363 patent), the sole

patent-in-suit.

INTRODUCTION

BondDesk has requested inter partes reexamination before the Patent and

Trademark Office (the “PTO”) of every claim of the sole patent-in-suit. That reexamination

request raises substantial new questions regarding the validity of the patent in light of three

primary references not before the PTO during the prosecution of the patent. All of the relevant

factors in this case favor a stay pending reexamination:



The reexamination request raises issues concerning the patent’s priority

date and the patent’s validity. Staying litigation pending reexamination

will simplify the issues for trial, conserve resources, and eliminate the

possibility of inconsistent outcomes. That is particularly so because this

reexamination is brought inter partes rather than ex parte. Unlike an ex

parte reexamination, an inter partes reexamination conclusively

establishes certain issues between the parties and estops parties from

relitigating certain arguments that were raised or could have been raised

during reexamination.



Plaintiff Wall Corporation (“Wall”) will not be unduly prejudiced by a

stay. Wall appears to be a patent holding company and does not compete

with BondDesk, so damages will be an adequate remedy for any purported

infringement during the stay.

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This litigation is in its infancy. No initial case management conference

has been scheduled, and no discovery has been taken.

In light of these factors, and the strong policy in favor of liberally staying

litigation pending reexamination, the Court should stay this litigation pending reexamination.

RELEVANT BACKGROUND

This litigation has just begun. Plaintiff Wall Corporation filed suit on

December 26, 2007. BondDesk answered the complaint on April 11, 2008. As of the filing of

this motion, no initial case management conference has been scheduled. No Rule 26(f)

conference has been held, and discovery has not yet opened. No trial date has been set. None of

the parties has made initial disclosures.

Only one patent has been asserted in this litigation: the '363 patent, entitled

“Method and System for Rebrokering Orders in a Trading System.” The '363 patent is directed

to a method by which a computerized system enables trading of financial instruments between

various buyers and sellers via broker-dealers who act as intermediaries. The application for the

'363 patent was filed on November 6, 2000, but claims priority to a provisional application filed

on December 29, 1999.

On June 3, 2008, BondDesk filed a request with the PTO for inter partes

reexamination of the '363 patent. (See Ex. 1.) The reexamination request explains how three

independent, primary references would invalidate every claim of the '363 patent. First, the

request brings to the PTO’s attention a patent with a priority date of April 1999 (U.S. Patent

No. 6,408,282 to Buist) that specifically describes a system for trading financial instruments via

broker-dealers acting as intermediaries. Second, the request alerts the PTO to an online user

manual posted in April 1998 that describes a trading platform allowing a broker-dealer to

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purchase bonds from a seller and resell those bonds to a client at a higher price. That trading

platform, developed by BondExchange and launched in April 1998, is the system on which

defendants’ current system is based. Third, the request explains that the method claimed in the

'363 patent is obvious over traditional telephone trading, as described in a report by the U.S.

General Accounting Office in 1987, and as analyzed under recent Federal Circuit case law.

None of these three primary references was cited to the PTO during prosecution, and all three

references teach features that the applicant repeatedly insisted were missing in the prior art

during prosecution.

In addition, the request explains that '363 patent is not entitled to its claimed

priority date of December 29, 1999, because the provisional applications submitted in support of

that priority date failed to adequately disclose all of the claimed elements. Accordingly, the

proper priority date for the '363 patent is November 6, 2000, rather than December 29, 1999.

BondDesk has sought reexamination on an inter partes basis, rather than an ex

parte basis. Unlike ex parte reexamination, inter partes reexamination allows for full

participation by the requester. 35 U.S.C. § 314(b)(2). Of the inter partes reexamination requests

that were decided upon from FY2000 to FY2007, 96% were granted. (See Ex. 2.) Of the inter

partes certificates that issued during that time, 82% resulted in cancellation of all claims, and 9%

resulted in changes to the claims. Only 9% of patents survived without a change to the claims.

(Id.)

By statute, the PTO must decide within three months of the June 3, 2008 filing

date of the reexamination request whether a substantial new question of patentability is raised by

the request and, if so, must order inter partes reexamination. 35 U.S.C. § 312. The

reexamination statute requires the PTO to conduct all inter partes reexamination proceedings

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“with special dispatch.” 35 U.S.C. § 314(c). Moreover, because the patent is involved in

litigation, the reexamination proceeding “will take precedence to any other action taken by the

examiner” at the PTO. MANUAL OF PATENT EXAMINING PROCEDURES § 2686.04. Where a

“litigation is stayed for the purpose of reexamination, all aspects of the [reexamination]

proceeding will be expedited to the extent possible. Cases will be taken up for action at the

earliest time possible, and time periods set in actions may be extended only upon a strong

showing of sufficient cause.” Id.

ARGUMENT

“Courts have inherent power to manage their dockets and stay proceedings,

including the authority to order a stay pending conclusion of a PTO reexamination.” Ethicon,

Inc. v. Quigg, 849 F.2d 1422, 1426-27, 7 U.S.P.Q.2 d 1152, 1155 (Fed. Cir. 1988) (citation

omitted). Congress anticipated in enacting the reexamination statute that district courts would

conserve resources of the parties and the judiciary by liberally granting stays of litigation

pending reexamination. “‘[I]n passing legislation establishing the reexamination proceeding,

Congress stated its approval of district courts liberally granting stays within their discretion.’”

Alloc, Inc. v. Unilin Decor N.V., No. 03-253-GMS, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11917, at *5 (D. Del.

Jul. 11, 2003) (citation omitted). “‘Congress enacted the reexamination procedure to provide an

inexpensive, expedient means of determining patent validity which, if available and practical,

should be deferred to by the courts.’” Pegasus Dev. Corp. v. DirecTV, Inc., No. 00-1020-GMS,

2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8052, at *7 (D. Del. May 14, 2003) (citation omitted).

The Court’s decision whether to order a stay pending reexamination is guided by

the following factors: “‘(1) whether a stay would unduly prejudice or present a clear tactical

disadvantage to the non-moving party; (2) whether a stay will simplify the issues in question and

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trial of the case; and (3) whether discovery is complete and whether a trial date has been set.’”

Abbott Diabetes Care, Inc. v. Dexcom, Inc., No. 05-590 GMS, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57469, at

*17 (D. Del. Aug. 16, 2006) (citation omitted). Here, all three of those factors favor a stay.

I.

PLAINTIFF WILL NOT BE UNDULY PREJUDICED
BY A STAY.

Wall will not be unduly prejudiced by a stay. “Granting a stay does not cause the

nonmoving party undue prejudice when that party has not invested substantial expense and time

in the litigation.” Photoflex Prods., Inc. v. Circa 3 LLC, No. C 04-03715 JSW, 2006 U.S. Dist.

LEXIS 37743, at *5 (N.D. Cal. May 24, 2006). At this early stage, Wall has not invested

substantial resources in this litigation. Indeed, Wall itself would save resources by awaiting the

conclusion of reexamination proceedings. If the claims are all canceled, Wall will save the time

and fees required to conduct fact and expert discovery and litigate this case through trial.

Conversely, if the claims survive reexamination, Wall will still save time and fees through the

narrowing of the issues. See Alloc, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11917, at *7 (granting a stay because

“refinement of the issues” during reexamination “will benefit both parties by reducing litigation

costs”).

Furthermore, a stay would not cause undue financial prejudice to Wall. If the

patent claims survive reexamination and are found to be infringed, Wall will have an adequate

remedy at law. See Patlex Corp. v. Mossinghoff, 758 F.2d 594, 603, 225 U.S.P.Q. 243, 249 (Fed.

Cir. 1985) (a plaintiff may recover damages for infringement that took place during

reexamination). Wall appears to be a patent holding company. It is not a competitor of

BondDesk and has not sought a preliminary injunction. Under those circumstances, Wall cannot

claim that it is being irreparably harmed or that its business would be unduly prejudiced by a

stay.

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II.

A STAY WILL SIMPLIFY THE ISSUES AND TRIAL
OF THE CASE.

Absent a stay pending reexamination, the Court and the parties risk expending

substantial resources unnecessarily. As of the end of FY 2007, inter partes reexaminations have

resulted in cancellation of all claims in 82% of the cases and changes to the claims in another 9%

of cases. (See Ex. 2.) BondDesk’s request for reexamination presents multiple compelling

reasons why each asserted claim is invalid, and in particular, why each such claim is anticipated

or rendered obvious by three separate prior art references not considered by the PTO during

prosecution. In this case, it is very likely that reexamination will eliminate the need for a trial.

Even if the reexamination does not result in the cancellation of the asserted

claims, it is certain to simplify the issues in question and trial of the case. Importantly,

BondDesk’s request is for inter partes, rather than ex parte, reexamination. “[C]ourts have an

even more compelling reason to grant a stay when an inter partes reexamination is proceeding

with the same parties . . . .” EchoStar Techs. Corp. v. TiVo, Inc., No. 5:05-CV-81 (DF), 2006

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48431, at *10 (E.D. Tex. July 14, 2006).

Unlike an ex parte reexamination, inter partes proceedings can produce final,

binding results that third-party requesters are estopped from relitigating. Specifically, by statute,

a third-party requester is estopped in litigation from asserting invalidity on any ground “which

the third-party requester raised or could have raised during the inter partes reexamination

proceedings.” 35 U.S.C. § 315(c). Because of that estoppel effect, federal courts have held that,

even in the rare cases where claims survive inter partes reexamination without amendment,

“there is a high likelihood that final, binding results” in the reexamination will “have a dramatic

effect on the issues before the court.” Procter & Gamble Co. v. Kraft Foods Global, Inc.,

No. C 07-4413 PJH, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 78465, at *3 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 11, 2007).

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Because of the estoppel effect of inter partes proceedings, courts have routinely

granted stays pending the outcome of such reexaminations, holding that “an inter partes

reexamination can have no other effect but to streamline ongoing litigation.” Echostar, 2006

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48431, at *9; see also Bausch & Lomb, Inc. v. Rexall Sundown, Inc., No. 03-

CV-6620T, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40385 (W.D.N.Y. May 19, 2008); Procter & Gamble, 2007

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 78465, at *4 (granting stay pending inter partes reexamination based on ability

of such reexamination to simplify proceedings); Anascape Ltd. v. Microsoft Corp., 475 F. Supp.

2d 612, 615, 617 (E.D. Tex. 2007) (same); Tesco Corp. v. Varco I/P, Inc., No. H-05-2118, 2006

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 82047 (S.D. Tex. Nov. 9, 2006) (same); Middleton, Inc. v. Minn. Mining &

Mfg. Co., No. 4:03-cv-40493, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16812 (S.D. Iowa Aug. 24, 2004) (same).

In addition, the requester in an inter partes reexamination may appeal the

determination to the PTO Board of Appeals and then to the Federal Circuit. 35 U.S.C.

§ 315(b)(1). Thus, even if not all the claims are cancelled during reexamination, the parties and

the Court will benefit from the “PTO’s particular expertise” as well as the expertise of the PTO

Board and the Federal Circuit in “evaluating the prior art.” Alloc, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11917,

at *7. In addition, the parties and the Court will benefit from that expert appellate review in that:

“(1) many discovery issues relating to prior art may be alleviated; (2) the record of

reexamination likely would be entered at trial; (3) the issues, defenses, and evidence will be

more easily limited in pre-trial conferences following a reexamination; and (4) the outcome of

the reexamination process may encourage a settlement without further involvement of the court.”

Id.

Here, defendants’ reexamination request not only raises invalidity problems but

also implicates issues regarding the patent’s priority date. Allowing the PTO, the PTO Board,

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and the Federal Circuit to weigh in on those critical issues minimizes the risk of wasted resources

and inconsistent rulings. See Gioello Enters. Ltd. v. Mattel, Inc., No. C.A. 99-375 GMS, 2001

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26158, at *1 (D. Del. Jan. 29, 2001).

That the PTO has not yet accepted the reexamination application should not

discourage the Court from granting defendants’ request for a stay. Requests for inter partes

reexamination have been granted 96% of the time. (See Ex. 2.) In evaluating a motion for a

stay, courts have held that whether the PTO has acted on a reexamination request is a

“distinction without a difference.” ASCII Corp. v. STD Entm’t USA, Inc., 844 F. Supp. 1378,

1380, 30 U.S.P.Q.2d 1709, 1711 (N.D. Cal. 1994) (granting stay pending reexamination,

provided the requester filed its reexamination request within 30 days of the stay order). Where a

reexamination request has not yet been acted upon by the PTO, courts have held that “a stay at

least is warranted while the PTO makes its initial determination as to whether to proceed with a

reexamination” and that if the PTO denies the request to reexamine, “[p]laintiff can ask the Court

to lift the stay at that time.” See Gonnocci v. Three M Tool & Mach., Inc., No. 02-74796, 2003

U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24423, at *12 n.6, 68 U.S.P.Q.2d 1755, 1758 n.6 (E.D. Mich. Oct. 7, 2003);

see also Tesco, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 82047, at *14 (“This case is stayed at least until the PTO

determines whether to conduct the reexamination.”); Brown v. Shimano Am. Corp., No. CV 88-

6565 WJR(Bx), 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9431, 18 U.S.P.Q.2d 1496 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 29, 1991)

(same).

III. DISCOVERY HAS NOT COMMENCED AND NO

TRIAL DATE HAS BEEN SET.

There can be no doubt that the final factor, which inquires whether discovery is

complete and a trial date has been set, favors a stay. Discovery has not begun. Initial disclosures

under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 have not yet been made. An initial case management

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conference has neither occurred nor been scheduled; the same is true for the Markman hearing.

No trial date has been set. The fact that this litigation is in its infancy weighs heavily in favor of

a stay. See, e.g., Abbott, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57469, at *20 (finding that this factor weighed

in favor of a stay where fact discovery was scheduled to close six months after date of the order

and trial was scheduled to begin fourteen months from date of the order); Pegasus, 2003 U.S.

Dist. LEXIS 8052, at *2, 4, 7 (granting a stay where case had been pending for two and a half

years and summary judgment on invalidity and non-infringement had already been briefed);

Gioello, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26158, at *1-4 (granting stay where defendant had waited 17

months to file for reexamination, summary judgment motions were pending on invalidity and

infringement, and trial was scheduled two and a half months from date of order).

CONCLUSION

For the foregoing reasons, the Court should stay the instant litigation pending the

conclusion of the inter partes reexamination of the patent-in-suit.










OF COUNSEL:

Michael A. Jacobs
Rita F. Lin
MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP
425 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2482
(415) 268-7000

June 3, 2008
2351238

MORRIS, NICHOLS, ARSHT & TUNNELL LLP

/s/ Mary B. Graham

Mary B. Graham (#2256)
James W. Parrett, Jr. (#4292)
1201 N. Market Street
P.O. Box 1347
Wilmington, DE 19899-1347
(302) 658-9200
[email protected]
[email protected]
Attorneys for BondDesk Group, L.L.C.
and BondDesk Trading, L.L.C.

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CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

I hereby certify that on June 3, 2008, I caused the foregoing to be electronically

filed with the Clerk of the Court using CM/ECF which will send electronic notification of such

filing to the following:

Karen E. Keller, Esq.
YOUNG CONAWAY STARGATT & TAYLOR, LLP




Additionally, I hereby certify that true and correct copies of the foregoing were

caused to be served on June 3, 2008 upon the following individuals in the manner indicated:

BY E-MAIL AND HAND DELIVERY

John W. Shaw, Esq.
Karen E. Keller, Esq.
YOUNG CONAWAY STARGATT & TAYLOR, LLP
The Brandywine Building
1000 West Street, 17th Floor
Wilmington, DE 19801

[email protected]
[email protected]

BY E-MAIL

Michael W. Shore, Esq.
Alfonso Garcia Chan, Esq.
SHORE CHAN BRAGALONE LLP
325 North Saint Paul Street
Suite 4450
Dallas, TX 75201

[email protected]
[email protected]

2248875

/s/ Mary B. Graham
______________________________________
Mary B. Graham (#2256)



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EXHIBIT 2

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