UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. 11-20167
Honorable Thomas L. Ludington
JEFFREY MICHAEL McBAY,
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING
DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO MODIFY SENTENCE
On August 4, 2011, Jeffrey McBay pled guilty to uttering counterfeit securities pursuant
to a Rule 11 Plea Agreement. See Rule 11 Agreement 1, ECF No. 14. On November 18, 2011,
McBay was sentenced to 30 months’ imprisonment (to run consecutively to the custodial
sentences he was serving with the Michigan Department of Corrections). J. 2, ECF No. 21.
McBay was also ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $13,281.98. Id. On March 22, 2012,
the Court issued an amended judgment to reduce the restitution amount owed by McBay to
$12,644.47. Am. J. 1, ECF No. 22. The amended judgment did not affect McBay’s custodial
On May 31, 2013, McBay filed a motion to modify judgment of sentence. He requests
that his federal sentence be altered to run “concurrent to [his] state sentence” because he “would
be able to settle any and all restitution orders more quickly by obtaining employment.” Def.’s
Mot. 1, ECF No. 23.
However, as the government pointed out in its responsive brief, this Court lacks
“jurisdiction to consider [McBay’s] claim.” Pl.’s Resp. 3, ECF No. 25. It is true that 18 U.S.C.
§ 3585(b) provides that “[a] defendant of a federal crime has a right . . . to receive credit for
certain time spent in official detention before his sentence begins.” United States v. Wilson, 503
U.S. 329, 330 (1992). But “the Attorney General, through the [Bureau of Prisons], has the
responsibility for administering the sentence,” not the district court that imposed it. Id. at 335
(citing 18 U.S.C. § 3621(a)). Thus, the Supreme Court established that any credits under §
3585(b) must be computed by the Attorney General, not the sentencing court. Id. at 333–34.
Prisoners may “seek judicial review of these computations,” but only “after exhausting their
administrative remedies.” Id. at 335 (collecting cases); see also United States v. Smith, 145 F.3d
1334, 1998 WL 246404, at *1 (6th Cir. 1998).
A prisoner may seek review of the computation of any credit pursuant to the process set
forth by 28 C.F.R. §§ 542.10–542.16, and only once that process is exhausted, the prisoner may
seek judicial relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Id. McBay has not demonstrated that he has
exhausted his administrative remedies under §§ 542.10–542.16, and this Court lacks jurisdiction
over his request.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that McBay’s motion to modify judgment of sentence,
ECF No. 23, is DENIED.
Dated: July 11, 2013
s/Thomas L. Ludington
THOMAS L. LUDINGTON
United States District Judge
PROOF OF SERVICE
The undersigned certifies that a copy of the foregoing order was served upon each
attorney or party of record herein by electronic means or first class U.S. mail, and
upon Jeffrey McBay, #230949, Woodland Center Correctional Facility, 9036 E. M-36
Whitmore Lake, MI 48189 by first class U.S. mail on July 11, 2013.
s/Tracy A. Jacobs
TRACY A. JACOBS
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