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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA

Criminal No. 06-130(1)(DSD/JJG)

United States of America,
Plaintiff,

v.
Carlos Guillermo Meza,

Defendant.

ORDER


This matter is before the court upon the pro se motion for
money damages by defendant Carlos Guillermo Meza. Based on a
review of the file, record and proceedings herein, and for the
following reasons, the motion is denied.

BACKGROUND

The background of this matter is fully set out in the court’s
June 4, 2013, order, and the court recites only those facts
necessary for the disposition of the instant motion. On April 1,
2006, the Anoka Hennepin Drug Task Force (Task Force) executed a
search warrant at Meza’s residence in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota.
Nelson Aff. ¶ 4. Meza was arrested and several items, including a
photo album, were seized. Thereafter, Meza pleaded guilty to
conspiracy to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute
500 grams or more of a detectable amount of methamphetamine, in

violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(A) and 846. Meza was
sentenced to imprisonment for a term of 168 months. See J., ECF
No. 86.

On October 15, 2012, Meza filed a pro se motion, pursuant to
Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41(g), for the return of his
property seized on April 1, 2006. The government responded,
explaining that the Task Force disposed of the seized items on
March 25, 2008. See Nelson Aff. ¶ 7. Because the seized items
were no longer in the government’s possession, the court denied
Meza’s Rule 41(g) motion. The court retained equitable
jurisdiction, however, and informed Meza that he could file an
alternative request for relief. Specifically, the court
instructed Meza that he had until August 1, 2013, to raise any
alternative request for relief and to specify what items were
subject to his request for relief.

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On July 2, 2013, Meza filed a motion for money damages
pursuant to the Tucker Act. Meza requested an award of $25,000 for
the destruction of “a photo album containing over 300 invaluable
photos.” Mot. 1, ECF No. 92. The government responded on August
2, 2013.

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See, e.g., United States v. Hall, 269 F.3d 940, 943 (8th
Cir. 2001) (denying motion for Rule 41(e) relief upon learning that
government no longer possessed property, but “retain[ing] equitable
jurisdiction ... to resolve issues of fact that may help to
determine whether ... an alternative claim is cognizable.”
(citation omitted)).

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DISCUSSION

The Tucker Act provides a cause of action for “any claim
against the United States founded either upon the Constitution, or
any Act of Congress or any regulation of an executive department,
or upon any express or implied contract with the United States, or
for liquidated or unliquidated damages in cases not sounding in
tort.” 28 U.S.C. § 1491(a)(1). Where, as here, a plaintiff seeks
money damages exceeding $10,000 in a Tucker Act claim, the Court of
Federal Claims possesses exclusive jurisdiction. See E. Enters. v.
Apfel, 524 U.S. 498, 520 (1998). As a result, the court lacks
subject-matter jurisdiction. See Polos v. United States, 556 F.2d
903, 905 (8th Cir. 1977) (“Such a claim, when in excess of $10,000,
is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of [Federal]
Claims.” (citations omitted)).

Because the court lacks jurisdiction, it “shall dismiss, or if
it be in the interest of justice, transfer” the action to the Court
of Federal Claims. 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). The court considers
“whether the statute of limitations would otherwise run, the
convenience of parties and witnesses, and whether efficient and
expeditious administration of justice would be furthered.” Sherar
v. Harless, 561 F.2d 791, 794 (9th Cir. 1977) (citations omitted).
The court will also examine whether transfer would be futile. See
e.g., Shaw v. Pierce, 534 F. Supp. 735, 739 (E.D. Cal. 1982)
(“Having reviewed plaintiff’s claim in the context of the

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substantive grounds ... the Court concludes that plaintiff’s claim
is clearly barred on the grounds delineated by defendants, and as
such, transfer of this action to the Court of Claims would not
further the ‘efficient and expeditious administration of
justice.’”). In the present action, the claim is time-barred by
the applicable statute of limitations, and transfer is unwarranted.
“The statute of limitations applicable to claims filed in the
Court of Federal Claims is six years.” Thompson v. United States,
480 F. App’x 575, 576 (Fed. Cir. 2012) (unpublished per curiam)
(citation omitted); see 28 U.S.C. § 2501 (“Every claim of which the
United States Court of Federal Claims has jurisdiction shall be
barred unless the petition thereon is filed within six years after
such claim first accrues.”). “This statute of limitations is
‘jurisdictional’ and ‘absolute,’ such that failure to commence a
suit within the limitations period deprives the court of the
subject-matter jurisdiction to entertain the claim.” Arbelaez v.
United States, 94 Fed. Cl. 753, 763 (2010) (citations omitted).
“The basic rule is that the clock of a statute of limitations
begins to run from the date the plaintiff’s cause of action accrues
....” Hair v. United States, 350 F.3d 1253, 1260 (Fed. Cir. 2003)
(citations and internal quotation marks omitted). “A claim accrues
when the plaintiff has a complete and present cause of action ...
or, put differently, when all the events have occurred that fix the
alleged liability of the Government and entitle the claimant to

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institute an action.” Arbelaez, 94 Fed. Cl. at 763 (citations and
internal quotation marks omitted). “In the context of a takings
claim, a cause of action accrues when the act that constitutes the
taking occurs.” Id. at 763-64 (citations and internal quotation
marks omitted).

Here, Meza’s property, including the photo album, was seized
on April 1, 2006. Nelson Aff. ¶ 4. Meza did not file the present
motion until July 2, 2013. As a result, the motion is time-
barred. See Arbelaez, 94 Fed. Cl. at 766 (explaining that statute
of limitations begins to run when the documents are seized and not
when the criminal proceedings conclude). Therefore, the Tucker Act
claim would be futile, and dismissal of the claim is warranted. 3

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2

Meza filed his Rule 41(g) motion on October 15, 2012. Even
if the court were to construe the Tucker Act claim as having been
filed on that date, the motion would be untimely.

3

The Court of Federal Claims liberally construes pro se
pleadings. See Arbelaez, 94 Fed. Cl. at 759-60. Given Mesa’s pro
se status, even if the court were to recharacterize the motion as
one brought under the Little Tucker Act or the Federal Tort Claims
Act (FTCA), it would fail on the merits. See United States v.
Hall, 269 F.3d 940, 943 (8th Cir. 2001) (listing statutes that
authorize money damages against the United States). Indeed, the
Little Tucker Act is also subject to a six-year statute of
limitations. See Bray v. United States, 785 F.2d 989, 990 (Fed.
Cir. 1986). Moreover, an FTCA claim is barred “unless it is
presented in writing to the appropriate Federal agency within two
years after such claim accrues.” 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b); see Garza v.
U.S. Bureau of Prisons, 284 F.3d 930, 934 (8th Cir. 2002).

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CONCLUSION

Accordingly, based on the above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the

motion for money damages [ECF No. 92] is denied.

Dated: August 20, 2013

s/David S. Doty
David S. Doty, Judge
United States District Court

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