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Case 6:09-cv-06649-CJS-MWP Document 30 Filed 07/30/13 Page 1 of 4





CITY OF ROCHESTER, New York, et al.,




On December 17, 2009, plaintiffs Winifred Brooks (“Brooks”), Rachel Brooks,

Jaavaid Brooks, individually and as parent and natural guardian of Jayeeir Brooks, an infant,

commenced this action against the City of Rochester and various police officers alleging

constitutional violations, including false arrest and excessive force, arising out of an incident that

occurred on September 18, 2008. (Docket # 1). On November 3, 2010, prior counsel for the

plaintiffs filed a motion to withdraw as counsel. (Docket # 8). The motion was denied on the

grounds that a proposed settlement had been reached between the parties. (Docket # 17). The

denial was without prejudice to renewal in the event that the case was not ultimately resolved by

the proposed settlement. (Id.). The case was not resolved, and this Court subsequently granted

plaintiffs’ counsel’s motion to withdraw as counsel. (Docket # 24).

Currently pending before this Court is plaintiffs’ motion for the appointment of

counsel. (Docket # 25). In the motion, Brooks expresses dissatisfaction with her prior attorney’s

communication with her during the previous settlement negotiations. (Id. at 2). Defendants

originally opposed plaintiffs’ motion for appointment of counsel (Docket # 26), but subsequently

withdrew their opposition (Docket # 29). Both parties have indicated to the Court that they are

Case 6:09-cv-06649-CJS-MWP Document 30 Filed 07/30/13 Page 2 of 4

amenable to continued settlement negotiations, and Brooks reaffirmed the desire to be

represented by new counsel to assist her in evaluating and negotiating a settlement.

It is well-settled that there is no constitutional right to appointed counsel in civil

cases. Although the Court may appoint counsel to assist indigent litigants pursuant to 28 U.S.C.

§ 1915(e), see, e.g., Sears, Roebuck and Co. v. Charles W. Sears Real Estate, Inc., 865 F.2d 22,

23 (2d Cir. 1988), such assignment of counsel is clearly within the judge’s discretion. In re

Martin-Trigona, 737 F.2d 1254 (2d Cir. 1984). The factors to be considered in deciding whether

or not to assign counsel include the following:






Whether the indigent’s claims seem likely to be of

Whether the indigent is able to investigate the crucial facts
concerning his claim;

Whether conflicting evidence implicating the need for
cross-examination will be the major proof presented to the
fact finder;

Whether the legal issues involved are complex; and

Whether there are any special reasons why appointment of
counsel would be more likely to lead to a just

Hendricks v. Coughlin, 114 F.3d 390, 392 (2d Cir. 1997); see also Hodge v. Police Officers, 802

F.2d 58 (2d Cir. 1986).

The Court must consider the issue of appointment carefully, of course, because

“every assignment of a volunteer lawyer to an undeserving client deprives society of a volunteer

lawyer available for a deserving cause.” Cooper v. A. Sargenti Co., Inc., 877 F.2d 170, 172 (2d

Cir. 1989). Therefore, the Court must first look to the “likelihood of merit” of the underlying


Case 6:09-cv-06649-CJS-MWP Document 30 Filed 07/30/13 Page 3 of 4

dispute, Hendricks v. Coughlin, 114 F.3d at 392; Cooper v. A. Sargenti Co., Inc., 877 F.2d at

174, and “even though a claim may not be characterized as frivolous, counsel should not be

appointed in a case where the merits of the . . . claim are thin and his chances of prevailing are

therefore poor.” Carmona v. United States Bureau of Prisons, 243 F.3d 629, 632 (2d Cir. 2001)

(denying counsel on appeal where petitioner’s appeal was not frivolous but nevertheless appeared

to have little merit).

The Court has reviewed the facts presented herein in light of the factors required

by law and finds, pursuant to the standards promulgated by Hendricks, 114 F.3d at 392, and

Hodge v. Police Officers, 802 F.2d at 58, that appointment of counsel for purposes other than

assisting in settlement negotiations is not necessary at this time. As stated above, a plaintiff

seeking the appointment of counsel must demonstrate a likelihood of success on the merits. See

id. This, plaintiffs have failed to do. Moreover, the legal issues in this case do not appear to be

so complex as to warrant appointment of counsel, nor does it appear that conflicting evidence

will implicate the need for extensive cross-examination at trial. Finally, plaintiffs’ case does not

present any special reasons justifying the assignment of counsel.

Given the parties’ willingness and interest in continued settlement negotiations,

however, this Court will exercise its discretion to appoint counsel for the sole purpose of

assisting plaintiffs in evaluating, negotiating and executing a settlement of this action.

For these reasons, plaintiffs’ request for the appointment of counsel (Docket # 25)

is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. The Court hereby assigns Gary Muldoon, Esq.,

144 Exchange Blvd., Suite 402, Rochester, New York 14614, pro bono, to faithfully and


Case 6:09-cv-06649-CJS-MWP Document 30 Filed 07/30/13 Page 4 of 4

diligently represent the plaintiffs in this case for the sole purpose of assisting the plaintiffs in

evaluating, negotiating and executing a settlement of this action.

A telephone conference will be held with counsel and the undersigned on

August 8, 2013, at 11:40 a.m., to discuss the status of the case and the possibility of settlement.

Chambers will initiate the conference call.


Dated: Rochester, New York

July 30 , 2013

s/Marian W. Payson

United States Magistrate Judge