You're viewing Docket Item 1 from the case . View the full docket and case details.

Download this document:




Case: 11-1252 Document: 141 Page: 1 07/16/2013 990691 4

Case 1:13-cv-00755-RJA Document 1 Filed 07/22/13 Page 1 of 4

11-1252-ag
Morales-Santana v. Holder

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS

FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT

SUMMARY ORDER

RULINGS BY SUMMARY ORDER DO NOT HAVE PRECEDENTIAL EFFECT.
CITATION TO A SUMMARY ORDER FILED ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 2007,
IS PERMITTED AND IS GOVERNED BY FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATE
PROCEDURE 32.1 AND THIS COURT=S LOCAL RULE 32.1.1. WHEN CITING A
SUMMARY ORDER IN A DOCUMENT FILED WITH THIS COURT, A PARTY
MUST CITE EITHER THE FEDERAL APPENDIX OR AN ELECTRONIC
DATABASE (WITH THE NOTATION ASUMMARY [email protected]). A PARTY CITING
A SUMMARY ORDER MUST SERVE A COPY OF IT ON ANY PARTY NOT
REPRESENTED BY COUNSEL.

At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, held at
the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse, 40 Foley Square, in the City of New York,
on the 16th day of July, two thousand thirteen.

PRESENT: RAYMOND J. LOHIER, JR.,

SUSAN L. CARNEY,

JED S. RAKOFF,*

Circuit Judges,

District Judge.

------------------------------------------------------------------

LUIS RAMON MORALES-SANTANA, aka Luis Morales

Petitioner,

v.

No. 11-1252-ag

ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., United States Attorney
General,

------------------------------------------------------------------

Respondent.

FOR PETITIONER:

STEPHEN A. BROOME, Quinn Emanuel Urquhart &
Sullivan, LLP, New York, NY.

* The Honorable Jed S. Rakoff, of the United States District Court for the Southern

District of New York, sitting by designation.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

CERTIFIED COPY ISSUED ON 07/16/2013Case: 11-1252 Document: 141 Page: 2 07/16/2013 990691 4

Case 1:13-cv-00755-RJA Document 1 Filed 07/22/13 Page 2 of 4

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

FOR RESPONDENT:

IMRAN RAZA ZAIDI, Trial Attorney (Kathryn M.
McKinney, Attorney, Stephen J. Flynn, Assistant
Director, and Stuart Delery, Acting Assistant Attorney
General, on the brief), Civil Division, U.S. Department
of Justice, Washington, DC.

UPON DUE CONSIDERATION of this petition for review of a Board of

Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) decision, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND
DECREED that the proceedings are TRANSFERRED to the United States District Court
for the Western District of New York to determine whether petitioner’s father would
satisfy the one-year continuous presence requirement of 8 U.S.C. § 1409(c), were it
applicable to him.

Petitioner Luis Ramon Morales-Santana seeks review of the March 3, 2011

decision of the BIA denying his motion to reopen. In re Luis Ramon Morales-Santana,
No. A034 200 190 (B.I.A. Mar. 3, 2011). We assume the parties’ familiarity with the
underlying facts and procedural history of the case, to which we refer only as necessary to
explain our decision.

Morales-Santana argues that he is not removable because he is a United States

citizen, having derived citizenship from his father. Morales-Santana’s father was born in
Puerto Rico on March 19, 1900, and presumably acquired United States citizenship in
1917 pursuant to the Jones Act of 1917, 39 Stat. 951 (codified at 8 U.S.C. § 1402).
Morales v. Holder, 351 F. App’x 554, 556 (2d Cir. 2009). However, to determine
whether he transmitted his citizenship to Morales-Santana, we apply the law of derivative
citizenship at the time Morales-Santana was born, in 1962. See Ashton v. Gonzales, 431
F.3d 95, 97 (2d Cir. 2005) (applying the law in effect at the time the last requirement for
derivative citizenship is fulfilled). The law then in effect requires that the citizen father of
a child born abroad be physically present in the United States or one of its outlying
possessions for a period of ten years prior to the child’s birth, five of which must be after
the parent’s fourteenth birthday. See 82 Pub. L. No. 414, § 301(a)(7) (codified at 8

2

Case: 11-1252 Document: 141 Page: 3 07/16/2013 990691 4

Case 1:13-cv-00755-RJA Document 1 Filed 07/22/13 Page 3 of 4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

U.S.C. § 1401(a)(7)(1952)). However, unwed citizen mothers need only have been
physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for “a continuous
period of one year” in order to transmit citizenship to their children. See id. § 309(c)
(codified at 8 U.S.C. § 1409(c)(1952)).

As relevant here, Morales-Santana argues that the difference in the requirements
for unwed citizen mothers and citizen fathers violates the Equal Protection clause of the
Fifth Amendment. He asks us to remedy this alleged constitutional violation by
extending the one-year continuous physical presence requirement to unmarried citizen
fathers, and argues that his father would satisfy this requirement, even if he does not
fulfill the more stringent requirement applicable to fathers.

Nothing in the record definitively answers the question whether Morales-Santana’s
father would satisfy the one-year continuous presence requirement of 8 U.S.C. § 1409(c).
Title 8, Section 1252(b)(5)(B) provides:

If the petitioner claims to be a national of the United States and the court of
appeals finds that a genuine issue of material fact about the petitioner's
nationality is presented, the court shall transfer the proceeding to the district
court of the United States for the judicial district in which the petitioner
resides for a new hearing on the nationality claim and a decision on that
claim as if an action had been brought in the district court under section
2201 of title 28.

Because there is a question as to whether Morales-Santana’s father would satisfy the one-
year continuous presence requirement applicable to unwed mothers that he seeks as a
remedy, and in order to avoid reaching a constitutional question that might not prove
determinative of Morales-Santana’s claim, pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1252(b)(5)(B), we
TRANSFER the proceedings to the United States District Court for the Western District
of New York, where Morales-Santana currently resides, to resolve the following
questions: Whether Morales-Santana’s father had the nationality of the United States at
the time of Morales-Santana’s birth, and whether Morales-Santana’s father had been

3

Case: 11-1252 Document: 141 Page: 4 07/16/2013 990691 4

Case 1:13-cv-00755-RJA Document 1 Filed 07/22/13 Page 4 of 4

physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a continuous
period of one year prior to Morales-Santana’s birth.

Pursuant to the procedure outlined in United States v. Jacobson, 15 F.3d 19, 22 (2d

Cir. 1994), the parties are to inform the Clerk of the Court by letter within fourteen days
of the District Court’s decision if either side wishes to continue this appeal. After
jurisdiction is restored, this panel will resume consideration of the case.

FOR THE COURT:
Catherine O’Hagan Wolfe, Clerk of Court

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8
9
10
11

4