You're viewing Docket Item 86 from the case Casillas-Sanchez et al v. Ryder Memorial Hospital, Inc. et al. View the full docket and case details.

Download this document:




Case 3:11-cv-02092-FAB Document 86 Filed 07/30/13 Page 1 of 3

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE DISTRICT OF PUERTO RICO

PAUL CASILLAS-SANCHEZ, et al.,

Plaintiffs,
v.

RYDER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, INC.,
et al.,

Defendants.

Civil No. 11-2092 (FAB)

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

BESOSA, District Judge.

The Court GRANTS defendant Hospital Ryder Memorial, Inc.
(“Ryder”)’s motion to dismiss plaintiffs’ survivorship action for
lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (Docket No. 75.) 1

Plaintiffs’ second amended complaint seeks damages for the
alleged pain and suffering endured by decedent Ms. Rosa Sanchez
(“Ms. Sanchez”) during her stay at Ryder. (Docket No. 30.)
Pursuant to article 1802 of the Puerto Rico Civil Code, that cause
of action is a survivorship claim requiring all heirs of the
decedent’s “sucesion” to be joined as plaintiffs. Cruz-Gascot v.
HIMA - San Pablo Hosp. Bayamon, 728 F. Supp. 2d 14 (D.P.R. 2010)
(Besosa, J.). In the second amended complaint, only eight out of
nine heirs to Ms. Sanchez’s “sucesion” are included as plaintiffs:
Paul Casillas-Sanchez, John Casillas-Sanchez, Cleto Casillas-

1

The motion was joined by defendant Edgar Cardona-Traverzo

(Docket Nos. 78 and 79).

Case 3:11-cv-02092-FAB Document 86 Filed 07/30/13 Page 2 of 3

Civil No. 11-2092 (FAB)
2
Sanchez, Rosa Esther Casillas-Sanchez, Rosa Maria Casillas-Sanchez,
Juanita Casillas-Sanchez, Perter Casillas-Sanchez, and Robert
Richardson Casillas bring the action for damages for the death of
their mother and grandmother, Ms. Sanchez. (Docket No. 30.)
Mr. Pablo Casillas-Moran (“Mr. Casillas”), Ms. Sanchez’s widower,
however, is not named. Id.

Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 19, the Court finds that
Mr. Casillas-Moran is a necessary and indispensable party to the
survivorship claim because he is a member of Ms. Sanchez’s
“sucesion.” See generally Segura-Sanchez v. Hosp. Gen. Menonita,
Inc., 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 97914 (D.P.R. 2013) (Besosa, J.)
(citing Cruz-Gascot, 728 F.Supp.2d at 26-31 and Pino-Betancourt v.
Hosp. Pavia Santurce, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31755 (D.P.R. 2013)
(Besosa, J.)). Defendant Ryder has indicated that Mr. Casillas-
Moran is the only heir domiciled in Puerto Rico. (Docket Nos. 75
and 84.) Exhibit 2 of Ryder’s motion (Docket No. 75-2) includes
Pablo Casillas-Moran as a member of the sucesion. The translation
is at docket number 84-2. “In a case grounded in diversity of
citizenship, the absence of a non-diverse, indispensable party to
the survivorship claim is not a mere procedural defect. Rather, it
destroys
matter
jurisdiction.” Segura-Sanchez, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 97914 at 10
(internal citation omitted). Thus, including Mr. Casillas-Moran as

original subject

the

district

court’s

Case 3:11-cv-02092-FAB Document 86 Filed 07/30/13 Page 3 of 3

Civil No. 11-2092 (FAB)
3
a plaintiff will destroy the diversity upon which plaintiffs base
the Court’s subject matter jurisdiction.

As stated numerous times before, “[p]laintiffs may not
manufacture diversity in order to gain access to federal court, and
when a survivorship claim arising under article 1802 does not
include all heirs of the estates, dismissal is warranted.”
Segura-Sanchez, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 97914 at 10 (internal
quotations and citations omitted). Accordingly, the Court
DISMISSES WITHOUT PREJUDICE plaintiffs’ survivorship claim.

IT IS SO ORDERED.
San Juan, Puerto Rico, August 1, 2013.

s/ Francisco A. Besosa
FRANCISCO A. BESOSA
United States District Judge